St. Louis Lambert International Airport (STL) is honored to receive the 2018 Distinguished Building award from the St. Louis chapter of the American Institute of Architects (AIA) for Terminal 1, an iconic and architectural landmark in St. Louis that is recognized around the world.
Terminal 1 opened in 1956 and was designed by Hellmuth, Yamasaki and Leinweber. The signature building was originally built as a multi-level facility with a grand ticketing hall topped with three 30-ft high domed, concrete vaults. The mid-century design has been credited with influencing the designs for terminals at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York and Dulles International Airport in Washington, D.C., both designed by Eero Saarinen.
AIA St. Louis presented the award Thursday, September 27, at the chapter’s 2018 Design Awards. The building was noted for not only its architectural significance, but its continued singular use as a transportation hub and the Airport’s stewardship of the building for more than six decades.
“As modern as the cross vaulted design was, it drew its inspiration from the grand halls of New York’s Grand Central Station,” according to AIA St. Louis. “Visitors to St. Louis, however, would be welcomed to a 20th century grand hall which spoke to modern airline travel and aerodynamic design with its beautifully proportioned form, well-lit, elegant interiors and efficiency of operation.”
The terminal expanded in 1965 with a fourth identical dome, designed by Gyo Obata, FAIA of HOK. The Airport completed its largest restoration and renovation of Terminal 1 in 2014, which included a new copper roof, replacing the original one that lasted nearly 60 years. The terminal restoration also added LED skylights between the iconic domes, terrazzo flooring throughout the ticketing hall and major art glass works in the terminals.
“Even through various additions, modifications and renovations over the years, the strength of the original design endures and remains a symbol of St. Louis, as well as an iconic modern design which celebrates aviation travel,” according to AIA St. Louis. “We applaud the airport administration for their stewardship of this beloved signature building.”
More than 10 airlines operate out of Terminal 1, which handles more than six million passengers a year through operations in Concourses A and C. The Airport opened Terminal 2 in 1998, which now serves two other STL airlines. In 2017, the Airport served 14.9 million total passengers. STL has served more than 10.4 million passengers through August 2018, a year-to-date increase of six percent.
Via Press Release